15 Substitutes For All-Purpose Flour 


This is a detailed guide on how to substitute all-purpose flour with other alternatives.

Here are 15 substitutes for all-purpose flour that can be used in various recipes.

Let’s find out right away what they are!

15 Substitutes For All-Purpose Flour

Here are my top picks for substituting All-Purpose Flour.

1. Rice Flour 

A Great Gluten-free Choice 

Rice Flour is considered the most efficient substitute for All-Purpose flour for sweet desserts like pancakes or macarons and savory dishes as a thickening agent or for deep-frying.

Stay cautioned that Rice flour has a harder texture but gives fried dishes an airy and light texture, unlike the dense texture of All-purpose flour.

How to substitute:

For both savory and sweet recipes, the same quantity of Rice Flour can be used to replace All-Purpose Flour.

Try this delicious and easy Rice Flour snack.

2. Almond Flour

A healthy pick

Almond Four is prepared from the left-over almonds after the oil is extracted making it a healthier option with a rich flavor and high protein content.

It is important to remember that Almond flour and any other nut flour have a distinct nutty flavor that only grows stronger once baked but is not unpleasant in most cases. 

How to substitute

When substituting All-Purpose flour with nut flour, it is best to mix Almond flour with any other choice of light flour as it is high in calories for the same quantity of all-purpose flour.

Brownies with Almond flour.

3. Oat Flour

Oat Flour is made from milling raw oat groats into a fine powdered texture similar to that of All-purpose flour and can be used to substitute the latter in most baking recipes.

Do keep in mind that Oat flour and All-purpose flour differ in texture. Oat flour can give baked goodies a chewier and crumblier form and should be measured accordingly.  

How to substitute

All-purpose flour can be substituted with equal quantities of Oat flour in a 1:1 proportion for most baking recipes.

Chocolate-chip cookies with Oat flour.

4. Chickpea Flour

Chickpea Flour, also known as Garbanzo flour, is essentially binding flour and can be used as a thickening agent for broths, soups, many desserts, and even bread.

A small caution: Chickpea flour has an organic savory flavor that is hard to mask but can be managed by carefully measuring other ingredients in the recipe.

How to substitute

Since chickpea flour is most often used as a binding agent, its measurement varies with recipes but can be used for the same amount of all-purpose flour.

Delicious cookies with Chickpea flour.

5. Buckwheat Flour

Buckwheat Flour is obtained from the buckwheat plant, which is classified as a pseudo-cereal with an earthy, organic, bold, and sometimes bitter floral flavor.

It can well replace all-purpose flour for cakes, cookies, muffins, and biscuits.

Remember the difference in texture, as buckwheat flour is considered unfit for batter-based recipes.

How to substitute

It is recommended to substitute a cup of all-purpose flour with 1/4th a cup of buckwheat flour.

Healthy Buckwheat pancakes.

6. Bread Flour 

Bread flour is one of the best replacements for All-purpose flour as they share similar properties and can be used for sweet bread and savory pizza.

Stay cautioned that bread and pizza crust made from Bread flour may not be as soft and chewy as when made with all-purpose flour. 

How to substitute

With the same texture and consistency, Bread flour and All-purpose flour can be substituted for each other in a 1:1 proportion.

Soft donuts with Bread flour.

7. Cake Flour 

Cake flour is yet another near-perfect substitute for All-purpose flour with similar features of low gluten and is used for sponge cakes and tortillas.

A small thing to remember is that cake flour is lighter in weight than all-purpose flour and needs additional cornstarch to get the same texture.

How to substitute

A cup of All-purpose flour can be substituted for an equal cup of cake flour and two tablespoons of cornstarch.

Butter cake with Cake flour.

8. Whole Wheat Flour 

Whole wheat flour is simply unrefined all-purpose flour and thus a helpful substitute for all recipes, sweet and savory.

It is important to remember that whole wheat flour absorbs more water and takes longer to absorb, resulting in a less fluffy and airy baked choux.

How to substitute

The same quantity of Whole Wheat flour can be used to substitute All-purpose flour with subsequent adjustments in other ingredients.

Chocolate cookies with Whole wheat flour.


9. Pastry Flour 

Pastry flour, similar to cake flour, can be used to efficiently replace All-purpose flour in most baked goods like pastries and fruit cakes. 

It is important to note that Pastry flour has a lighter texture resulting in a crumbly and flaky batter, and is not considered the best for baking bread. 

How to substitute

Pastry flour can be used in the same quantity as All-purpose flour by measuring its weight for better proportions.

Hotdogs with Pasty flour.

10. Kamut Flour 

Kamut Flour is a type of nutty flour used since ancient times for pancakes, shortbread, and cookies in place of All-purpose flour. 

Do note that Kamut flavor, apart from being rare to find, has a bold nutty flavor that tends to overpower the baked goodies with its natural flavors.

How to substitute

A slightly less amount of Kamut flour mixed with more subtle flour is suggested to substitute for the same quantity of all-purpose flour.

Home-baked bread with Kamut flour.

11. Sticky Rice Flour 

Sticky Rice flour is produced from glutinous, sweet, and starchy rice and is a significant ingredient in East-Asian desserts like the Japanese mochi and butter mochi.

It is also a great thickening and binding agent.

Bear in mind that as the name suggests, Sticky rice flour will have a sticky and thick consistency that is needed for bread and other desserts. 

How to substitute

Sticky rice flour and All-purpose flour can be substituted in a 1:1 proportion for non-baked desserts.

Custard pancakes with Sticky Rice flour.

12. Amaranth Flour 

Amaranth flour is prepared from another ancient grain and has a subtle earthy and grassy flavor making it appropriate for savory dishes like pizza and bread.

It is important to remember that Amaranth flour is not essentially suitable for sweet desserts and sweet bread for its earthy taste and coarse texture.

How to substitute

For most savory recipes, the same quantity of Amaranth flour can be used to substitute for All-purpose flour.

Healthy Amaranth crackers with Amaranth flour.

13. Cassava Flour 

Cassava flour can effectively substitute All-purpose flour in most baking recipes with similar properties and consistency when baked.

Do note that Cassava flour has a slightly lighter texture and absorbs more liquid as compared to all-purpose flour when preparing the dough or batter.

How to substitute

Cassava flour and All-purpose flour can be substituted for each other in a 1:1 proportion with necessary changes in the quantity of other ingredients.

Paleo pancakes with Cassava flour.

14. Coconut Flour 

Coconut flour is an unusual yet efficient substitute for all-purpose flour in a handful of baked recipes as coconut flour is denser and highly liquid absorbent. 

It is important to note that Coconut flour should ideally be combined with other flour alternatives like almond flour to avoid a crumbly and flaky texture.

How to substitute

Coconut flour and All-purpose flour can be used in a 1:4 ratio keeping in mind their difference in texture and need for extra liquid.

Pancakes, cookies, and banana bread with Coconut flour.

15. Rye Flour 

Rye flour has a nutty and subtle malt-like flavor that can serve as a substitute for All-purpose flour in baked goodies like cookies, biscuits, cakes, and pancakes.

A small caution: Rye is said to have a grainy texture and may be an acquired taste for some thus it is recommended to mix rye flour with other flour of choice.

How to substitute

For someone who is not used to the taste of Rye, it is best to use rye flour and all-purpose flour in a 1:4 proportion and increase gradually.

Delicious brownies with Rye flour.


What Is The Best Gluten-free All-purpose Flour Substitute?

Almond flour, Rice flour, and Buckwheat are considered to be the healthiest, Keto-friendly, and gluten-free substitutes for all-purpose flour that can be used for baking goodies and for numerous savory recipes.

Almond flour and Buckwheat have distinct flavors that should be masked when used for baking by adjusting the proportions of other ingredients.

What Is The Best Substitute for All-purpose flour for Cake?

When baking cakes or pancakes, Cake flour, and Pastry flour are the best swaps as they have the same consistency, appearance, and flavor. However, both cake flour and pastry flour have a lighter consistency compared to all-purpose flour.

When using cake flour or pastry flour, additional cornstarch is an important step.

Is All-purpose Flour The Same As Self-rising Flour?

All-purpose flour and Self-rising flour do not have many differential factors apart from their uses and ingredients. Self-rising flour is prepared by simply mixing all-purpose flour with baking powder and salt.

While All-purpose flour is simply the ground wheat endosperm used for nearly every meal and dessert around the world.

What Is The Difference Between All-purpose Flour And Bread Flour?

The most imminent difference between All-purpose flour and Bread flour is the higher protein content in bread flour than in all-purpose flour. This extra protein allows most bread to produce more gluten.

There is not much difference between bread baked with bread flour and all-purpose flour, except the former makes the bread lighter and airy.

Bottom Line

I hope this article was helpful to you in finding substitutes for all-purpose flour.

If you have any experience using other substitutes, please share them in the comments.

And don’t forget to share this article with your friends and family.

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About Nancy Miller

Nancy is a foodie by heart and loves experimenting with food. She likes to experiment not only as part of academics but also as a cook at home, sometimes she does not get the desired outcome of these experiments though! But that doesn't stop her from trying more out-of-the-box things. When Nancy entered college, it became clear to her that food was going to be an important part of her life.

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